With older models, it was still possible to store messages (SMS) on the SIM card, but this is no longer possible with today's devices under normal circumstances. The only thing left to do is to read messages on the SIM card.

Android 10 (One UI 2.0)
Step 1:  Open the  Messages -App
Step 2:  Open the  menu
Step 3:  Open the  Settings
Step 4:  Tap on  More settings
Step 5:  Tap on  Text messages
Step 6:  Tap on  View messages on SIM card
  1. Open the Messages-App
  2. Open the menu
  3. Open the Settings
  4. Tap on More settings
  5. Tap on Text messages
  6. Tap on View messages on SIM card

Samsung Instructions